Role of Activated Carbon in Water Treatment Facilities
Water is essential in everyday life. It is used in households, industries, plants, and other social facilities such as schools and hospitals. Clean water is essential for people to use. This will help prevent water-borne diseases and infections hence affecting the health of individuals. Water can also be contaminated and not be safe for consumption. Many water treatment facilities tend to use activated carbon to have their water treated and safe for consumption before supplying it to households and industries. Many water treatment facilities make use of activated carbon as it plays many roles when cleaning and treating water. Some of the major roles of activated carbon in water treatment facilities are explained below.
The first major role that activated carbon plays is controlling disinfectant by-products. Water can also be treated using certain disinfectants. These disinfectants contain some chemicals that are used to purify water and make it clean. The disinfectants may accumulate after a while and accumulate with natural organic matter that is usually present in water. The two elements combine to form a dangerous and harmful chemical that is harmful to the health of people when consumed. By adding activated carbon in water, it breaks down the harmful compound formed, and water id clean and ready for consumption.
Secondly, the other role played by activated carbon in water treatment is that it makes water have good order and tastes natural. Some chemicals in water may make it taste different and have a certain smell. This is a clear indication that the water is not fit for consumption when it tastes and smells funny. Using activated carbon removes the chemicals and compounds resulting in the smell and taste of water. This keeps water fresh and odorless hence safe for drinking and to the health of individuals.
The third important role that activated carbon plays in water treatment facilities is that it helps in the removal of contaminants in the water. Water usually flows through pipes that have been in existence for many years. Metals elements and chemicals that have corroded the pipe mixes with water and contaminates them hence making it unfit for drinking and using it for other purposes. Activated carbon ensures that all contaminants are removed from the water before it is supplied to people and industries for use. This is why many water treatment plants prefer using activated carbon in cleansing water.
Fourthly, activated carbon is used to filter water in ponds and aquariums. After a while, you can change the water in fish ponds and aquariums and have them cleaned using activated carbon. It helps in filtering and purifies water so that the fish can be in a good environment. Chemicals and contaminants in water also affect fish and can also kill them. This affects aquatic life including fish and plants. This helps in preserving aquatic life. Activated carbon is mostly preferred by water treatment plants because it Is effective and safe for water usage and consumption. To end the passage above, some important roles that activated carbon plays when it comes to treating water for industrial use and households are explained above.